Who Said Let Them Eat Cake?

“Let them eat cake” is the most famous quote attributed to Marie-Antoinette, the queen of France during the French Revolution. As the story goes, it was the queen’s response upon being told that her starving peasant subjects had no bread.

Where did the saying let them eat cake come from?

Let them eat cake 1 Origins. The phrase was supposedly said by Marie Antoinette in 1789, during one of the famines in France during the reign of her husband, King Louis XVI. 2 Similar phrases. 3 See also 4 References.

Who said’let them eat cake’before the Queen?

For example, the Queen’s English-language biographer wrote in 2002: was said 100 years before her by Marie-Thérèse, the wife of Louis XIV. It was a callous and ignorant statement and she, Marie Antoinette, was neither.

Did Marie Antoinette say “let them eat cake”?

Here is a classic example of a wrongly attributed quote that cost someone her head. Quite literally. This line “Let them eat cake” was attributed to Marie Antoinette, the queen of King Louis XVI of France. But that’s where the French folks got it wrong. What Made Marie Antoinette So Disliked by the People of France?

Who said there is no bread for everyone to eat?

It is widely attributed to Marie-Antoinette (1755-93), the Queen consort of Louis XVI. She is supposed to have said this when she was told that the French populace had no bread to eat.

Why was let them eat cake offensive?

At some point around 1789, when being told that her French subjects had no bread, Marie-Antoinette (bride of France’s King Louis XVI) supposedly sniffed, “Qu’ils mangent de la brioche”—“Let them eat cake.” With that callous remark, the queen became a hated symbol of the decadent monarchy and fueled the revolution that

Did she actually say let them eat cake?

The quick answer to this question is a simple ‘no.’ Marie Antoinette, the last pre-revolutionary queen of France, did not say ‘Let them eat cake’ when confronted with news that Parisian peasants were so desperately poor they couldn’t afford bread.

What happened to Marie-Antoinette’s head?

Lamballe refused to take an oath against the monarchy, and on September 3, 1792, she was delivered to the hands of a Parisian mob; they cut off her head and paraded it on a pike outside Marie-Antoinette’s windows.

Is Marie Antoinette movie accurate?

While the movie isn’t entirely accurate, the aesthetics of the film are undeniably unique and pleasing. The pastel colors, exotic fashion and gorgeous peek into the ornate lifestyle of Marie Anotinette and Louis XVI is executed beautifully (no pun intended).

What was Marie Antoinette famous for?

Queen of France before the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette (1755–93) is famous for being overthrown by revolutionaries and being publicly guillotined following the abolition of the monarchy in France.

Why did the French not like Marie Antoinette?

She became increasingly unpopular among the people, however, with the French libelles accusing her of being profligate, promiscuous, harboring sympathies for France’s perceived enemies—particularly her native Austria—and her children of being illegitimate.

Was Marie Antoinette a good mother?

Marie Antoinette was a doting mother

In 1781, Marie gave birth to Louis Joseph, who became his father’s heir, a role known as the “dauphin.” Marie was devoted to her children, although she was often prevented from handling their day-to-day care due to strict royal protocol.

Is Marie Antoinette innocent?

Though Marie Antoinette was innocent of any involvement, she was nevertheless guilty in the eyes of the people. Refusing to let public criticism alter her behavior, in 1786 Marie Antoinette began building the Hameau de la Reine, an extravagant retreat near the Petit Trianon in Versailles.

Did Marie Antoinette speak French?

By the time she left Austria, she was speaking French easily and well, even if it had a small German accent. The Abbe also found that Marie Antoinette did not know much about French history, which they studied carefully together. In the end, Marie received a fairly good education.

Are there any living relatives of Marie Antoinette?

Historian Delorme convinced the association to have the DNA testing done, which proved that the heart had belonged to someone who shared DNA patterns not only with Marie Antoinette-conserved locks of her hair were tested-but with living descendants of her dynasty including the Queen of Romania and her brother, Prince

Are there any French royalty still alive?

France is a Republic, and there’s no current royal family recognized by the French state. Still, there are thousands of French citizens who have titles and can trace their lineage back to the French Royal Family and nobility.

Why was it bad to say let them eat cake?

Prior to Marie Antoinette’s lifetime, the philosopher Rousseau cited that a 16th-century princess had uttered “Let them Eat Cake” upon hearing that her people were starving. In reality, the phrase was likely later attributed to Marie Antoinette in order to account for her decreased popularity.

Why to Marie-Antionette say let them eat cake?

Marie Antoinette, the heartless foreign Austrian, who is purported to have said ‘Let them eat cake’ when the French people complained about not having enough bread to eat. It became an infamous phrase that lives on to this day, just like her memory.

What does the phrase ‘let them eat cake’ mean?

  • Origins. The phrase appears in book six of Jean-Jacques Rousseau ‘s Confessions,whose first six books were written in 1765 and published in 1782.
  • Similar phrases. The Book of Jin,a 7th-century chronicle of the Chinese Jin Dynasty,reports that when Emperor Hui (259–307) of Western Jin was told that his people were starving
  • See also
  • References.
  • Let them eat cake – Wikipedia

    1. The phrase ″Let them eat cake″ is widely credited to Marie Antoinette, albeit this is incorrect.
    2. ″Let them eat cake″ is the conventional translation of the French phrase ″Qu’ils mangent de la brioche,″ which is claimed to have been spoken in the 17th or 18th centuries by ″a noble princess″ upon learning that the peasants were deprived of their daily bread supply.
    3. The French term refers to brioche, a loaf of bread filled with butter and eggs that is considered a delicacy in France.
    4. The princess’s careless disregard for the starving peasants, or her lack of awareness of their suffering, is interpreted as reflected in the phrase, according to some.

    While the remark is widely credited to Marie Antoinette, it was said before to the French Revolution, making it impossible for the quotation to have originated with Marie, and it is also highly unlikely that she ever said it in her lifetime, either.


    1. The phrase appears in book six of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Confessions, which was written in 1765 and published in 1782.
    2. The first six volumes of Rousseau’s Confessions were written in 1765 and published in 1782.
    3. In the book, Rousseau describes an incident in which he was on the lookout for bread to go with some stolen wine that he had taken.
    4. While feeling a little out of place in his elegantly attired state to enter a typical bakery, he remembered the words of a ″great princess″: The final option of a magnificent princess, who, when told that the peasants had no bread, said, ″Then let them eat brioches,″ was the last straw for me.

    — Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Confessions of a Philosopher Rousseau did not identify the ″great princess,″ and it is possible that he made up the tale because the Confessions are not often accepted as being totally true.

    Attribution to Marie Antoinette

    1. In 1789, during one of the famines in France that occurred under the reign of her husband, King Louis XVI, the remark is reported to have been said by Marie-Antoinette.
    2. However, it was not until more than half a century later that it was assigned to her.
    3. The anecdote was never mentioned by anti-monarchists during the French Revolution, but it gained significant symbolic significance in later historical accounts when pro-revolutionary commentators used the phrase to decry the upper classes of the Ancien Régime as oblivious and rapacious in their behavior.
    4. The phrase was particularly powerful because ″bread was the staple food of the French peasantry and working class, absorbing 50 percent of their income, as opposed to 5 percent spent on fuel; the entire topic of bread was therefore the result of obsessional national interest,″ according to one biographier of the Queen.

    In 1765, when Marie Antoinette was nine years old, Rousseau wrote the first six books of the French Revolution, which were published when she was 26 and eight years after she was crowned queen.Because of Marie Antoinette’s growing unpopularity in the final years before the start of the French Revolution, it’s possible that many people attributed the term to her as well.In the years after her marriage to Louis XVI, her opponents frequently pointed to her apparent frivolity and very real spending as elements that contributed considerably to France’s severe financial predicament.Her Austrian origins as well as her gender further undermined her credibility in a country where xenophobia and chauvinism were beginning to exercise significant impact on national politics at the time.Despite the fact that the reasons of France’s economic difficulties stretched well beyond the royal family’s expenditures, anti-monarchist polemics stigmatized Marie Antoinette as Madame Déficit, claiming that she was responsible for the country’s financial collapse on her own.

    1. Exaggerations, false incidents, and blatant lies were used to malign her family and their courtiers by these libellistes, who published stories and articles vilifying them and their courtiers.
    2. It would have been a natural slander to put the famous remarks into the lips of the much despised queen, especially in the current turbulent political environment.
    3. Alphonse Karr published an article in Les Guêpes in March 1843 in which he ascribed the term to Marie Antoinette.

    Attribution to Maria Theresa of Spain

    1. The Queen’s personality, internal evidence from members of the French royal family, and the date of the saying’s origin are all cited as reasons for objecting to the legend of Marie Antoinette and the comment.
    2. The legend of Marie Antoinette and the comment are cited as reasons for objecting to the comment.
    3. In the opinion of Antonia Fraser, the infamous story of the ignorant princess was first told 100 years before Marie Antoinette in relation to Marie-Thérèse, the wife of Louis XIV, citing the memoirs of Louis XVIII, who was only fourteen at the time Rousseau’s Confessions were written and whose own memoirs were not published until much later in life.
    4. In his tale, Louis XVIII does not name Marie Antoinette, but he does state that the story was an ancient tradition, and that the family had always thought that Maria Theresa was the one who coined the expression.

    However, Louis XVIII is just as likely as everyone else to have had his memories distorted as a result of the rapid diffusion and distortion of Rousseau’s original comment during his reign.Fraser also reminds out in her book that Marie Antoinette was a wealthy patron of charity who was struck by the condition of the impoverished when it was brought to her notice, which makes the comment out of character for her given her previous charitable activities.As a result, it is even more doubtful that Marie Antoinette ever stated the sentence in question.A second point to consider is that there were no actual famines during the reign of King Louis XVI, and only two instances of severe bread shortages, the first occurring in April–May 1775, just a few weeks before the king’s coronation on June 11, 1775, and the second occurring in 1788, the year before the outbreak of the French Revolution.The flour shortages in 1775 triggered a series of uprisings in northern, eastern, and western France, which were collectively referred to as the Flour War at the time (guerre des farines).

    1. Letters sent by Marie Antoinette to her relatives in Austria during this period reflect a position that is diametrically opposed to the spirit of Let them eat brioche.
    2. The fact that we are witnessing individuals who are treating us so nicely despite their own difficulties makes us feel more obligated than ever to do everything we can to ensure that they are happy.
    3. The King appears to be cognizant of this reality.

    ― Marie Antoinette, 17th century One major issue with the dates associated with Marie Antoinette’s attribution is that at the time the phrase first emerged, she was not only too young to have spoken it, but she was also residing in a country other than France.Despite the fact that Rousseau’s Confessions were completed thirteen years earlier, in 1769, they were not published until 1782.Marie Antoinette, who was just fourteen years old at the time, would not arrive at Versailles until 1770, having traveled from Austria.Due to the fact that she was absolutely unknown to him at the time of writing, she could not possible be the ″great princess″ referred to in the passage.

    Other attributions

    1. Another theory is that after the revolution, the phrase, which was initially attributed to a wide variety of princesses of the French royal family, eventually became associated with Marie Antoinette because she was, in effect, the last and best-remembered ″great princess″ of Versailles, as opposed to other princesses of the French royal family.
    2. It had previously been credited to two of Louis XV’s daughters, Madame Sophie and Madame Victoire, who were both killed in the French Revolution.
    3. Alexandre Dumas credits the phrase to the Duchess of Polignac, a favorite of Marie Antoinette’s who appears in his novel Ange Pitou (1853), which was published in 1853.

    Similar phrases

    1. When Emperor Hui (259–307) of Western Jin was informed that his people were starving because there was no rice available, according to the Book of Jin, a 7th-century chronicle of the Chinese Jin Dynasty, he said, ″Why don’t they eat porridge with (ground) meat?″ (), demonstrating his inability to perform.
    2. After an unfavorably received series of articles suggesting that out-of-work Kentucky coalminers should ″learn to code″ so that they could support their families was published in 2016, the phrase ″learn to code″ has been repeated numerous times as an act of cynical repudiation and harassment against journalists who are likewise out of work or who are perceived to be out of touch or to be lacking in journalistic integrity.

    See also

    • Noblesse oblige


    1. ″Yandex.Translate – English to French ″Let them have some brioche.″ ″www.yandex.com/translate/en/ On the 20th of December, 2018, Fraser, Antonia, and others (2002). The Adventures of Marie Antoinette. Publisher: Anchor Publishing Group
    2. ISBN: 978-0385489492
    3. Lever, Évelyne
    4. Temerson, Catherine. xviii, 160 pages (2000). Marie-Antoinette was the last Queen of France, reigning from 1789 until 1799. Page numbers: 63–65
    5. ISBN number: 978-0312283339.
    6. Page numbers: 63–65 Susan S. Lanser is the author of this work (2003). ″Eating Cake: The (Ab)uses of Marie-Antoinette.″ ″Eating Cake: The (Ab)uses of Marie-Antoinette.″ Dena Goodman and Thomas E. Kaiser published a book titled (eds.). Writings on the Body of a Queen: Marie Antoinette’s Autobiography. Pages. 273–290 in Routledge’s The Routledge Companion to the Philosophy of Language. It has the ISBN 978-0415933957. Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s translation of Rousseau (translated by Angela Scholar) (2000). Confessions. Page 262 of the Oxford University Press publication in New York. Then there is the story of a great princess who was asked why the people of the countryside didn’t have any bread and she replied, ″Because they eat bread.″
    7. Johnson, Paul
    8. Johnson, Paul (1990). Intellectuals. Harper & Row Publishing Company, New York, pp. 17–18. ISBN 9780060916572. Many of the ‘facts’ that he so openly acknowledges are wrong, skewed, or non-existent when examined in the light of current research.
    9. Lady Antonia Fraser, Marie Antoinette: The Journey, page 124.
    10. Fraser, pages 473–474.
    11. Hunt, Lynn, ed., provides a thorough examination of this historical phenomena (1990). Eroticism and the Politics of the Body It is published by Johns Hopkins University Press under the ISBN 978-0801840272. Thomas, Chantal (2001). The Wicked Queen: The Myth of Marie-Antoinette and Its Origins is a book on the history of Marie-Antoinette. Zone Books, ISBN 978-0942299403.
    12. Fraser, pages. 254–255.
    13. Fraser, pp. 254–255. Véronique Campion-Vincent and Christine Shojaei Kawan have collaborated on this project. ″Marie-Antoinette and her famous saying: two scenographies and two centuries of disorder, three levels of communication and three accusatory modes,″ Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 2002, full text
    14. ″Marie-Antoinette and her famous saying: two scénographies and two centuries of disorder, three levels of communication and three accusatory modes,″ Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 2002, full text
    15. Pages 284–285 of Fraser’s Marie Antoinette are devoted to her. Nabu Press, 2012. p. 91. ISBN 978-1278509648.
    16. ″Allow them to eat cake.″ Lettres de Marie-Antoinette, Vol. 1. Nabu Press, 2012. ISBN 978-1278509648. The Phrase Finder is a tool that helps you find phrases.
    17. retrieved on September 18th, 2012
    18. Book of Jin, Fourth Volume
    19. ″From Coal To Code: A New Path For Laid-Off Miners In Kentucky.″
    20. ″The weaponization of ‘learn to code’.″
    21. ″From Coal To Code: A New Path For Laid-Off Miners In Kentucky.″
    22. ″From Coal To Code: A New Path For Laid-Off Miners In Kentucky.″
    23. ″From Coal To Code: A New Path For Laid-Off Miners In Kentucky.″ Thinkprogress.org, accessed on February 1, 2019.
    See also:  How To Make Microwave Mug Cake?


    A somewhat modified version of the famous saying was stated in an earlier 1841 book of Les Guêpes: ″If there is no bread, one will eat bread out of a brioche.″


    • Barker, Nancy N., Let Them Eat Cake: The Mythical Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution, Historian, Summer 1993, 55:4:709
    • Barker, Nancy N., Let Them Eat Cake: The Mythical Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution, Historian, Summer 1993, 55:4:709
    • Barker, Nancy N., Let Them Eat Cake: The Mythical Marie Antoinette and the French Revolution, H
    • Campion-Vincent, Véronique, and Shojaei Kawan, Christine, Marie-Antoinette and her infamous saying: two scenographies and two centuries of disorder, three levels of communication, and three accusatory modes, Annales historiques de la Révolution française, 2002, p. 327
    • Campion-Vincent, Véronique, and Shojaei Kawan, Christine, Marie-Antoinette and her infamous saying: two sc

    The Quote Marie Antoinette Never Said

    ″Allow them to have cake!″ Here’s a famous example of a comment that was incorrectly credited and ended up costing someone her life. To put it another way, rather literally. According to popular legend, this quote from Marie Antoinette, the queen of France’s King Louis XVI, said ″Let them eat cake.″ However, it was at this point that the French were mistaken.

    What Made Marie Antoinette So Disliked by the People of France?

    1. It’s true that she lived a lavish lifestyle..
    2. Marie Antoinette was a compulsive spendthrift, delighting in extravagant spending even during a period when the country was under an extreme financial crisis.
    3. Hairdresser Léonard Autié came up with unique styles that the queen admired, and she praised him for his work.
    4. She invested a lot in the construction of a little village, dubbed Petit Trianon, that was lush with lakes, gardens, and watermills, which she named after herself.

    This occurred at a time when France was suffering from a severe food crisis, poverty, and depressive conditions.

    Marie Antoinette: A Daughter Shunned, A Wife Unloved, A Queen Scorned, A Mother Misunderstood

    1. Marie Antoinette was a teenager when she became queen.
    2. She had tied the knot with the Dauphin when she was just fifteen years old.
    3. She was used as a pawn in a political scheme that included her Austrian parents, who were of royal birth, as well as the royal family of France.
    4. When she arrived in France, she found herself surrounded by adversaries who were attempting to steal the power of the ruling class.

    In addition, the conditions were ideal for the French Revolution.Increasingly vocal dissatisfaction among the poorer strata of society was taking root and spreading.Marie Antoinette’s extravagant spending did not improve the situation either.Because of the excesses of the royal family and those from the upper middle class, France’s impoverished were becoming more irritable.These individuals were on the lookout for any way to pin their misfortune on the King and Queen of England.

    1. Marie Antoinette was tried for treason in 1793 and publicly beheaded as a result of her conviction.
    2. Despite the fact that she had her flaws, making an inappropriate comment was most definitely not one of them.

    How Rumors Tainted the Young Queen’s Image

    1. As part of the French Revolution, rumors were spread to discredit the Queen and provide justification for her deposition as a traitor.
    2. One of the myths that circulated at the time was that when the Queen inquired as to why people were rioting in the city, her page replied that there was no bread available.
    3. As a result, the Queen is believed to have responded, ″Let them have cake.″ ″If they don’t have any more bread, they’ll have to make do with brioche!″ she said in French.
    4. According to another popular belief, on her way to be executed, the ″insensitive″ queen truly spoke the words that have tarnished her reputation even more severely.

    ″How probable is it that a Queen, who is humiliated and on her way to the guillotine, would say anything so insulting that it might incite the mob’s wrath against her?″ I couldn’t help but wonder when I read this incident of history.What kind of sense does that make?’ However, the poorly phrased comment remained associated with Marie Antoinette’s image for more than 200 years.It wasn’t until 1823, when the memoirs of Comte de Provence were published, that the whole truth came to the surface.When it came to his sister-in-law, the Comte de Provence was not exactly lavish in his praise; yet, it was impossible for him to avoid mentioning that, when eating ″pate en croûte,″ he was reminded of his own ancestress, the Queen Marie-Thérèse.

    Who Actually Said the Words, ″Let Them Eat Cake?″

    1. In 1765, French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau published a work titled Confessions, which was divided into six parts.
    2. A princess from his time stated the following in this book: ″Finally, I recall the pis-aller of a great princesse who was asked why the country people didn’t have enough bread and she said, ″Because they eat brioche,″ in this book.
    3. To put it another way, I was reminded of a famous princess who, when she was informed that the peasants were without food, answered with the phrase ″Let them eat brioche.″ In 1765, Marie Antoinette was just nine years old, and she had not yet met the future King of France, let alone married him, when this novel was published, making it unthinkable that she had truly spoken those words.
    4. Marie Antoinette arrived at Versailles somewhat later, in 1770, and was crowned queen the following year, in 1774.

    The Real Marie Antoinette: A Sensitive Queen and Loving Mother 

    1. So, how did Marie Antoinette end up being the unfortunate one that received negative press?
    2. According to historical records, the aristocracy was already feeling the heat from the restless peasantry and working class at the time of the revolution in France.
    3. Their extravagant extravagances, complete indifference, and complete contempt for public uproar were creating a whirlpool of spiteful political activity.
    4. While the country was suffering from severe poverty, bread became a national obsession.

    During the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette and her King husband Louis XVI were made the scapegoats for the increasing tide of unrest.According to Lady Antonia Fraser, Marie Antoinette was sensitive to the plight of the general populace and frequently gave to a variety of philanthropic organisations during her reign.She was particularly sensitive to the situation of the impoverished, and when she learned of their struggle, she was sometimes moved to tears by it.However, despite her royal status, she either lacked the motivation to correct the issue or lacked the political skills necessary to defend the monarchy.During the first several years of her marriage, Marie Antoinette was unable to have children, and this was seen as evidence of the queen’s promiscuous lifestyle.

    1. Rumors spread about her apparent relationship with Axel Fersen, a Spanish count who was appearing in court.
    2. As Marie Antoinette was suspected of involvement in a crime that would eventually be known as the ″diamond necklace incident,″ rumors flew thick and fast behind the magnificent walls of the Versailles castle.
    3. The claim that Marie Antoinette had an incestuous connection with her own son, on the other hand, was possibly the most defamatory of them.

    The queen’s mother’s heart may have been crushed, but Marie Antoinette remained a stern, dignified queen who bore the brunt of the scandal.When the Tribunal asked her to react to the claim that she had sexual intercourse with her son throughout the course of her trial, she said, ″If I have not replied, it is because Nature herself refuses to answer such a charge leveled against a mother.″ Afterward, she addressed her trial’s audience, who had come to see the proceedings.She implored them: ″I appeal to all moms here present – is it true?″ According to legend, when she said these words in court, the women in the audience were captivated by her sincere appeal.However, the Tribunal, concerned that she would elicit popular sympathy, moved the legal processes up in order to sentence her to death as soon as possible.

    Known as the ″Reign of Terror,″ this era in history is the darkest moment in history, and it is the period that finally led to the collapse of Robespierre, the principal perpetrator of royal atrocities, and the end of the French Revolution.

    How the Queen Was Guillotined for a Crime She Never Committed

    1. Having a tainted reputation is never beneficial, especially in difficult economic times.
    2. The enraged revolutionaries of the French Revolution were on the lookout for a chance to bring the aristocracy to heel.
    3. Wild rumors were propagated through illicit press, fueled by a boiling fanaticism and a passion for blood, portraying Marie Antoinette as a barbarian, impudent, and shamelessly haughty woman.
    4. The Tribunal proclaimed the queen a ″scourge and blood-sucker of the French,″ and she was executed.

    She was guillotined to death on the spot and condemned to death.The trial was considered to be fair and just by the violent mob, which was out for revenge.Marie Antoinette’s hair, which was well-known across France for its exquisite poufs, was cut to add to her humiliation, and she was then led to the guillotine.During her approach to the guillotine, she unintentionally trod on the toe of the guillotine by mistake.Which of these statements did this shallow, selfish, and insensitive queen make to the executioner do you think?

    1. ″Please accept my apologies, monsieur,″ she added.
    2. ″I haven’t spoken anything about it.″ That translates to ″Please accept my apologies, sir; I didn’t mean to do it.″ The sad beheading of a queen who had been unjustly by her people is a narrative that will live on in the annals of history as a permanent stain on the fabric of humanity.
    3. She was sentenced to a punishment that was far more severe than her offence.

    Marie Antoinette was doomed from the start since she was the Austrian bride of a French monarch.She was buried in an unmarked grave, forgotten by a world engulfed in horrible hatred for the woman who died.More quotations from Marie Antoinette that she actually said may be found below.These quotations convey the majesty of a queen, the kindness of a mother, and the pain of a woman who has been wrongfully treated.

    1.″I was a queen, and you took away my crown; I was a wife, and you murdered my husband; I was a mother, and you took my children away from me.″ I have just my blood left: take it, but do not let me suffer for too long.″ The legendary comments of Marie Antoinette during the trial, when she was asked by the Tribunal whether she had anything to say regarding the accusations leveled against her.″Have the courage!Consider that I have demonstrated it for years; do you believe that I would lose it at the moment when my sufferings will come to an end?″ During her transportation to the guillotine on October 16, 1793, a priest urged Marie Antoinette to maintain her composure as she approached the guillotine.These were the remarks she hurled at the priest, revealing the stoic serenity of a royal woman under the surface.

    • 3.
    • ″There is no one who knows my afflictions, nor the horror that fills my breast, who does not know the heart of a mother,″ says the author.
    • In 1789, following the death of her beloved son Louis Joseph from illness, a distraught Marie Antoinette murmured these words to console herself.

    Let them eat cake

    What’s the origin of the phrase ‘Let them eat cake’?

    1. Many English expressions have obscure origins, and their origins are unknown.
    2. Despite this, many individuals believe they are aware of the origin of this particular one.
    3. Marie-Antoinette (1755-1793), the Queen consort of Louis XVI, is commonly credited with the painting.
    4. Her alleged words came after she was informed that the French people were unable to obtain bread due to a lack of supplies.

    The original French phrase is ‘Qu’ils mangent de la brioche,’ which literally translates as ‘Let them eat brioche.’ (brioche is a form of cake made of flour, butter and eggs).Most people believe that Marie-Antoinette had little understanding of the suffering of the poor and even less concern for them.This perception is correct.However, there are two issues with this interpretation: 2.

    1. The statement, in so far as it can be proved to be linked with the French nobility, can be construed in a variety of ways, for example, it could have been intended as a sarcastic or even a sincere attempt to present cake to the poor as an alternative to the bread that they could not purchase.
    2. Regarding the origin of the expression, two important contemporaries of Marie-Antoinette – Louis XVIII and Jean-Jacques Rousseau – both believe it to have originated from a source other than the Queen of France.
    3. According to Louis XVIII’s diary Relation d’un voyage a Bruxelles et d Coblentz (1791), the remark ″Que mangent-ils de la croûte de pâté?″ (Why don’t they eat pastry?) was said by Marie-Thérèse (1638-1683), the wife of King Louis XIV, who was born in 1638.
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    That narrative, on the other hand, was published over a century after Marie-death, Thérèse’s and as a result, it should be regarded with some care.The 12-volume autobiographical book Confessions, published by Jean-Jacques Rousseau in 1770, is the most well-known of his works.The following passage is in Book 6, which was written in 1767: ″At last I recalled the idiotic words of a royal princess, who, when informed that the village people had no bread, said, ″Then let them eat pastry!″ ″Then let them eat pastry!″ Marie-Antoinette arrived in Versailles from her home Austria in 1770, two or three years after Rousseau wrote the text above.She was the first French monarch to live at Versailles.

    Whatever the ‘great princess’ was – it was most likely Marie-Thérèse, not Marie-Antoinette – she was not Marie-Antoinette.However, although she has earned a reputation as a lavish socialite, this reputation appears to be unjustified, and it serves as a reminder that history is written by the victorious.″It is absolutely evident that in witnessing the individuals who treat us such kindly despite their own misery, we are more obligated than ever to strive hard for their pleasure,″ she was said to have added.Nonetheless, the French revolutionaries held her in much lower regard than we do now, and she was guillotined to death in 1793 for the crime of treason, which she denied.

    The Story Behind ‘Let Them Eat Cake’, Marie-Antoinette’s Famous Quote

    1. 07/30/21 Let them eat cake, Marie-immortal Antoinette’s words, are among the most renowned quotations in the history of the world.
    2. Is it possible that Marie-Antoinette said, ″Let them eat cake?″ What was it about Let Them Eat Cake that was offensive?
    3. She served as the wife of King Louis XVI of France and as the Queen of France throughout the French Revolution.
    4. When Marie-Antoinette was informed that her famished peasants were unable to eat bread, she is said to have sniffed and said, ‘Qu’ils mangent de la brioche,’ which translates as ‘Let Them Eat Cake’ in French, at some point around 1789.

    ALLOW THEM TO EAT CAKE MEANING: Because brioche is more expensive than bread, the tale has been used as an illustration of Marie-obliviousness Antoinette’s to the plight of regular people and their everyday lives in France, according to some historians.With such rude statement, the Queen cemented her reputation as a despised emblem of the decadent monarchy and encouraged the revolution that ultimately resulted in her (literally) losing her head in 1793.TIP: These are the greatest Parisian Cakes, having been created and developed in the city of light!

    Who Was Marie-Antoinette?

    1. Maria Antonia Josefa Johanna (1755 –1793) was an Austrian princess who was born and nurtured in the court of the Habsburg monarchy in Vienna.
    2. Louis Auguste, the future Dauphin of France, proposed to Marie-Antoinette when she was just 13 years old, and the two were married the following year.
    3. This planned marriage was an attempt to bring Austria and France back together after a period of conflict.
    4. Marie-Antoinette arrived in France in 1770, and she and her husband, the Dauphin, resided at the sumptuous Palace of Versailles with their children.

    The Dauphin succeeded to the throne as Louis XVI in 1774, after the death of King Louis XV of France.Marie-Antoinette was already the Queen of France when she was just 20 years old.It was Marie-tendency Antoinette’s to live lavishly, and she enjoyed throwing elaborate balls in the Palace and throwing grandiose parties in the Gardens of Versailles.When she needed to get away from the rigors of the French court, she journeyed discreetly to Paris or spent time ‘playing the peasant’ in the hamlet that had been erected just for her inside Versailles.More information on Marie-Antoinette may be found here.

    1. Marie Antoinette had little power despite the fact that she was the Queen of France at the time.
    2. She remained an Austrian who maintained close relations with her family in Vienna, and as a result, King Louis XVI never talked politics with her or sought her counsel on state matters.
    3. The Queen of France was unable to do much beyond hosting sumptuous parties, donating to charity organizations, and bearing successors to the French throne.

    At the start of her existence in the French court, Marie-Antoinette was well-liked by everybody, and she was admired for her beauty and charity, among other qualities.Over the years, there was rising dissatisfaction with the Queen’s extravagant lifestyle and wild parties, especially at a time when the whole city of Paris was starving.Prepare for your visit to Versailles.

    Did Marie-Antoinette Say Let Them Eat Cake?

    According to historians, the remark ″Let them eat cake″ attributed to Marie-Antoinette was a hoax spread by a rumor. In light of the facts, it appears that Marie-Antoinette did not say ″Let them eat cake,″ and that the famous remark was said by someone else long before Marie-Antoinette was crowned Queen of France. What we do know is as follows:

    1. We Find Versions of Marie-Antoinette’s Quote Let Them Eat Cake Years Before

    1. Folklore scholars have discovered several variants of the same saying, some of which are slightly different, all around Europe.
    2. In the 16th century, there was a story of a noblewoman who was perplexed as to why the starving peasants weren’t eating Krosem, which was a type of delicious bread.
    3. In Rousseau’s book Confessions, we discover the remark ‘Qu’ils Mangent de la Brioche,’ which was stated by a ‘great princess,’ which is set in France.
    4. A year before Marie-birth Antoinette’s in 1767, Rousseau’s book was written when she was still a child and living in Austria, far away from the French court.

    Who said it was okay for them to eat cake?In this remark from Let Them Eat Cake, it is thought that Rousseau was referring to either Queen Maria-Thérèse, who was the wife of King Louis XIV and lived around 100 years before Marie-Antoinette became Queen of France, or to himself.

    2. Queen Marie Antoinette Actually Cared About Her People

    1. However, historians believe that, despite Marie-undoubtedly Antoinette’s opulent lifestyle, she was an intellectual lady who was sensitive to the plight of France’s destitute and starving inhabitants.
    2. Throughout her time at the French court, Queen Marie-Antoinette was generous in her donations to charity organizations.
    3. We can also see that she cares about her people in some of her letters to her family in Austria, albeit in her own unique way, in some of these letters.
    4. The Let Them Eat Cake speech by Marie-Antoinette, in any event, was used to highlight the disconnect between the nobility in France and the situation of the country.

    Trying to Kill the Rumors

    1. Consequently, it appears that the Marie-Antoinette statement Let Them Eat Cake was subsequently linked to her declining popularity, which is consistent with this theory.
    2. Marie-Antoinette was in such trouble!
    3. As was the case with the Affair of the Diamond Necklace, her image was irrevocably ruined as a result of a statement from someone else’s book.
    4. The year 1843 marked the first time the quote was associated with the ill-fated Queen in print.

    When a French writer called Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr discovered the quotation ″Let Them Eat Cake″ in a book from 1760, when Marie-Antoinette was just five years old, he denounced it to the authorities.Karr believed that by doing so, the myth that she was the inspiration for the famous remark would be put to rest once and for all, but it did not succeed.More information may be found by clicking here.Stories from the City of Lights Return to the Home Page

    Did Marie-Antoinette really say “Let them eat cake”?

    1. It’s one of the most famous phrases in the history of the human race.
    2. ″Let them eat cake,″ Marie-Antoinette (the future wife of France’s King Louis XVI) allegedly sniffed when informed that her French citizens were without bread at some point around 1789.
    3. ″Let them eat cake,″ she is reported to have said.
    4. Those words cemented the queen’s ignominious status as a despised emblem of the decadent monarchy, and they encouraged the revolt that would ultimately lead to her (literally) losing her head many years later.

    Is it possible that Marie-Antoinette actually said those venomous words?According to historians, this is not the case.Lady Antonia Fraser, author of a biography of the French queen, believes that the quote would have been highly uncharacteristic of Marie-Antoinette, who she believes was an intelligent woman who donated generously to charitable causes and, despite her undeniably lavish lifestyle, displayed sensitivity towards the poor population of France.″The quote would have been highly uncharacteristic of Marie-Antoinette,″ she says.What’s even more compelling, though, is the fact that the ″Let them eat cake″ narrative had been circulating for years before to 1789, when the event occurred.

    1. Marie-Thérèse, the Spanish princess who married King Louis XIV in 1660, was the subject of a story that was initially recounted in a somewhat different form.
    2. ″La croûte de pâté″ (the crust of the pâté) is reported to have been one of her recommendations to the French people.
    3. A number of additional 18th-century royals, including two aunts of Louis XVI, were implicated in the comment throughout the course of the next century.

    One of the most famous versions of the pâté story is that told by the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau in his ″Confessions″ in 1766, in which he attributes the words to ″a magnificent princess″ (most likely Marie-Thérèse).Those immortal words were almost definitely not said by Marie-Antoinette, who was just 10 years old at the time Rousseau was penning them—three years away from marrying the French prince and eight years away from becoming the country’s first woman to reign as monarch.

    Did Marie-Antoinette Really Say “Let Them Eat Cake”?

    1. It is said that Marie-Antoinette, the queen of France during the French Revolution, said, ″Let them eat cake,″ which is the most famous remark associated with her.
    2. According to legend, that was the queen’s answer when she was informed that her starving peasant peasants were unable to get food.
    3. In part due to the fact that cake is more expensive than bread, the story is often used in order to illustrate the Queen’s obliviousness to the realities and daily lives of regular people during her reign.
    4. But, did she ever say those exact words in her life?

    Most likely not.Because, for one, the supposedly original French phrase that Marie-Antoinette is credited with saying—″Qu’ils mangent de la brioche″—doesn’t quite translate as ″Let them eat cake.″ It translates to ″Let them eat brioche,″ which is a good thing.Of course, the fact that brioche is a delicious bread prepared with eggs and butter, and is almost as decadent as cake, does not actually alter the meaning of the narrative in any way.However, the queen would not have been referring to the type of dessert that English people are accustomed to thinking about.More importantly, there is no historical proof that Marie-Antoinette ever uttered anything along the lines of ″Qu’ils mangent de la brioche″ or anything else along those lines.

    1. How did the quote come to be linked with Marie-Antoinette, and how did it come to be associated with her?
    2. As it happens, folklore historians have discovered tales that are identical to this one in various regions of the world, albeit the specifics vary from one version to the next.
    3. As an example, in a story gathered in 16th-century Germany, a noblewoman asks why the starving poor don’t just eat Krosem (a sweet bread).

    Stories about monarchs or aristocracy who are unaware of their privileges are famous and ubiquitous folklore, mostly because they are amusing.Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a French philosopher, is said to have been the first to use the precise phrase ″Qu’ils mangent de la brioche″ in literature, according to some sources.Jacques Rousseau recounts a version of the incident in Book VI of his Confessions (published about 1767), giving the phrase to ″a magnificent princess.″ The princess Rousseau had in mind at the time, Marie-Antoinette, despite the fact that she was still a child, is highly unlikely to have been the one in question.Since the revolutionaries were influenced by Rousseau’s works, it has been speculated that they may have taken this remark, fraudulently attributed it to Marie-Antoinette, and circulated it as propaganda in order to arouse opposition to the monarchy.

    However, this has not been proven.But current academics are suspicious of such assertions because there is no proof of the statement appearing in the revolutionary newspapers, pamphlets, or other materials that were issued by the revolutionaries.The first known source that connects the quotation to the queen was published more than 50 years after the French Revolution, which is rather remarkable given its age.An article in the magazine Les Guêpes published in 1843 said that a passage from a ″book dated 1760″ had been uncovered by French writer Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr, who asserted that it demonstrated that the myth concerning Marie-Antoinette had been spread falsely.Rumor?

    • He was probably only repeating something he had already heard, just like so many of us.

    What does ″Let Them Eat Cake″ Mean? (with pictures)

    1. Niki Foster is a woman who lives in the United Kingdom.
    2. Niki Foster is a woman who lives in the United Kingdom.
    3. Date: February 28, 2022 (Saturday).
    4. Following historical tradition, it was the scream of ″Let them have cake!″ by Marie Antoinette that finally broke the camel’s back during the French Revolution, according to historical accounts.

    According to legend, Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, was informed that her peasants were hungry since there was no bread available to them.She was so spoiled and out of touch with the realities of poverty that she advised that they eat cake instead, which is exactly what she would have done if she had run out of bread.King Louis XVI had been killed months before, and Marie Antoinette was found guilty of treason and put to death in 1793, just months after her husband.In actuality, the term predates Marie Antoinette’s rule by several centuries.″Qu’ils mangent la brioche,″ wrote Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a philosopher who laid the groundwork for democracy and socialism, about a ″princess″ who exclaimed, ″Qu’ils mangent la brioche,″ when she learned that the peasants were without bread.

    1. However, even if brioche is not quite as lavish as cake, the term has essentially the same connotation as it does in English.
    2. It is true that the narrative given by Rousseau helped to show the huge disparity that existed between the affluent and the poor during his day, but it was written when Marie Antoinette was just a child and had not yet been elevated to the position of Queen of France.
    3. No one knows for certain where the expression ″let them eat cake″ came from, however it is possible that it was a protest against exploitation of the poor rather than a flippant remark reflecting the speaker’s lack of knowledge.
    See also:  What To Eat On An English Muffin?

    French bakers were obligated by law to offer brioche and other specialty breads at the same price as standard loaf bread if the latter was out of stock in 18th-century France.As a result, the original remark may have been translated as ″do not let the poor hunger if simple bread is not readily accessible.″ However, it is not certain if the narrative of Louis XIV’s wife, Marie-Therese, who was the first to say ″Let them eat cake″ was literally true or whether the phrase was intended as a metaphor for the decadence of the French nobility.Additionally, Niki likes educating herself on unique and odd things in order to come up with ideas for her own articles, which she does in addition to her work as an InfoBloom editor.She is a UCLA alumna who majored in Linguistics and Anthropology while at the university.

    Niki Foster is a woman who lives in the United Kingdom.Niki Foster is a woman who lives in the United Kingdom.Additionally, Niki likes educating herself on unique and odd things in order to come up with ideas for her own articles, which she does in addition to her work as an InfoBloom editor.She is a UCLA alumna who majored in Linguistics and Anthropology while at the university.

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    1. In response to Ivanka Trump’s new campaign, ″Find Something New,″ Twitter users have dubbed it the ″new ‘Let them have cake″ campaign.
    2. What is the meaning of the phrase?
    3. When celebrities, businesses, and online influencers publish anything on social media, people are usually ready to share their reactions to it with their followers.
    4. That appears to be the case with Ivanka Trump’s current campaign, ‘Find Something New,’ which has been dubbed ″the new ‘Let them eat cake,″ according to social media users.

    So, here’s the meaning of the phrase ″Let them eat cake,″ as well as the origins of the phrase.MORE INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: What is the identity of Morgan Wallen’s ex-girlfriend Katie Smith?

    Ivanka Trump’s campaign

    1. Ivanka has launched a new effort to assist individuals in the United States in finding new employment following the Covid-19 outbreak, which has had a negative impact on the country’s economy.
    2. As a result of the pandemic issue, many companies and jobs have been lost, resulting in an unemployment rate of 11.1 percent (based on latest information from the US Government).
    3. Ivanka’s program ‘Find Something New’ seeks to assist job searchers of all ages and backgrounds in identifying the most appropriate professional path in the face of the obstacles that have arisen as a result of the virus.
    4. ″This program is about challenging the notion that traditional 2 and 4 year colleges are the only options for acquiring the skills necessary to obtain a job,″ she said on Twitter.

    ″There has never been a time when this job was more critical.″ ADDITIONAL INFORMATION CAN BE FOUND AT: Kelly Preston is remembered in a moving tribute by Adam Levine.

    ‘Let them eat cake’: Meaning

    1. They should be allowed to eat cake, which is an English version of the old French expression ″Let them eat cake,″ which actually means ″Let them eat brioche.″ The statement has been ascribed to Queen Marie Antoinette, who is supposed to have uttered those words to her starving peasants, albeit there is no historical evidence to support this claim.
    2. Brioche is a French phrase that literally translates to ″baked bread with butter and eggs,″ although in English, the word is most usually referred to as ″cake.″ According to John M.
    3. Cunnigham in a piece for Britannica, ″Of course, because brioche is a rich bread baked with eggs and butter, almost as lavish as cake, it does not actually affect the meaning of the narrative.
    4. ″ However, the queen would not have been referring to the type of dessert that English people are accustomed to thinking about.″

    Twitter reactions

    It didn’t take long for people on social media to respond to Ivanka’s campaign with tweets and memes. Many have called Ivanka’s ‘Find Something New’ campaign the new ‘Let them eat cake’. Here is a selection of tweets from Twitter users. In other news, Smoke Monday’s real name as Safety prepares for potential NFL future Have something to tell us about this article? Let us know

    Did Marie Antoinette really say ‘Let them eat cake’?

    1. Home
    2. News
    3. Lifes-little-mysteries
    1. In the 2006 film ″Marie Antoinette,″ which starred Kirsten Dunst, there was never a lack of delicious desserts.
    2. Moviestore Collection Ltd.
    3. / Alamy Stock Photo provided the image used in this post.) Were the fabled words ″let them eat cake″ by Marie Antoinette actually spoken by her?
    4. Answering this question in a straightforward manner is ″no.″ When Marie Antoinette, the last pre-revolutionary queen of France, learned that Parisian peasants were so terribly destitute that they couldn’t purchase bread, she did not respond with the phrase ″Let them eat cake.″ Perhaps a more pertinent issue is: Why do we believe she said what she did?

    As a point of reference, the quote has been significantly exaggerated in its translation from French to English for the sake of clarity.Originally, it was said that Marie Antoinette stated, ″Qu’ils mangent de la brioche,″ which translates as ″Let them eat brioche.″ While this sweetened bread is more costly than a typical baguette, it isn’t exactly the icing-strewn, multi-tiered gateau that you would have imagined the queen to have in mind when she created it.Although this bombastic translation misses the message, at least from a propagandist perspective, it still implies that the French queen was haughty and out of touch with the common people.Things will never improve for the common French citizen as long as cruel elites like these are in command of affairs.Long live the revolution!

    1. Related: What was the total number of French revolutions?
    2. However, the ″brioche″ phrase is dubious as well because there is no trustworthy proof that the queen actually stated it in the first place.
    3. According to Denise Maior-Barron, an adjunct professor at Claremont Graduate University in California whose study studies contemporaneous representations of Marie Antoinette’s character, ″Marie Antoinette never spoke these remarks or anything else along these lines.″ ″Louis, on the other hand, is a character that appears in all of the films that include Marie Antoinette, but who is presented as a timid and pitiful consort.

    Another egregious distortion, to be sure.″ There has never been a lack of revolutions in France.The first, which took place in 1789, had a disastrous outcome for Marie Antoinette and her husband, Louis XVI.A succession of monarchs and republics were established during the next century, with each side engaging in an extensive propaganda campaign in addition to violent clashes with the other side.When one of these later revolutions occurred, it was a long time after Marie Antoinette’s execution that the misquote first started to be said.

    ″It was not during the 18th century that it came to be misattributed to Marie Antoinette, but rather during the Third French Republic beginning in 1870, when a meticulous program of rebuilding the historical past was carried out,″ Maior-Barron said to Live Science.When Napoléon III was deposed in 1870 following a defeat in a war against Prussia, the republicans were on a long-running effort to discredit Marie Antoinette’s legacy and reputation, which they were successful in doing.According to Maior-Barron, ″the masterminds of the French Revolution undermined the French monarchy by repeatedly targeting, and finally deposing of, its most essential symbols: the king and queen of France.″ This is why the cliched expression ″Let them eat cake″ continues to be used.This century-long campaign to destroy Marie Antoinette’s image was not only about safeguarding the republican cause; it was also laced with sexism, given that her reputation appears to have suffered a considerably greater hammering than that of her husband, who was in real command of France.In the words of Robert Gildea, a professor of modern history at the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, ″the French Revolution attempted to remove women from political authority.″ However, while women were far from being free during the time of Louis XVI’s reign as monarch, it was theoretically feasible for the wives and mistresses of monarchs and other significant officials to assume positions of authority, albeit in an unofficial capacity.

    • The revolutionaries, on the other hand, attempted to further exclude women from the national discussion.
    • Marie Antoinette was not the first woman to lose her head during France’s first transition from monarchy to republican government.
    • As Gildea explained to Live Science, ″Olympe de Gouges, who penned the ‘Declaration of the Rights of Women and of the Female Citizen,’ was also executed by guillotine.″ Related: The letter ‘S,’ in medieval manuscripts, seems to be written like a ″F.″ Why is this so?
    • Gildea explains that during the period leading up to the French Revolution, Marie Antoinette was accused of exercising an excessive amount of control over her husband.

    This makes it understandable why propagandists would be encouraged to participate in a character assassination of Marie Antoinette, and the rumor mill surrounding her name undoubtedly flourished during the first revolution, while she was still alive.The accusation against her was that she had ″both male and female lovers,″ as well as a ″incestuous connection″ with her son, according to Gildea.In truth, the remark about ″brioche″ was not only not unique, but it also had a long history of being used against noble women.Jean-Jacques Rousseau, a philosopher and writer whose work had an impact on the French Revolution, is said to have been the first to use the term in 1767, according to some sources.

    ″The phrase ‘Let them eat brioche’ first appeared in one of Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s novels, in which he attributed the phrase to one of his fictitious characters who belonged to the 18th-century French aristocracy,″ Maior-Barron explained.″Let them eat brioche″ is an abbreviation for ″let them eat brioche.″ In the case of Marie Antoinette, however, the queen’s slanderers may have been motivated by more than simply misogyny; she also posed a very serious threat to the republicans, which may have prompted their attacks on her.Marie Antoinette was born into the strong Habsburg Austrian royal family, which she married into before she became Queen of France.When the violent insurrections against the French monarchy gained momentum, she wrote to her brothers back in England in an attempt to persuade them to invade France and save the kingdom from destruction.In the event that these forces did attack France, ″Marie Antoinette was perceived as a traitor,″ Gildea explained.Ultimately, the Habsburgs were unsuccessful in their efforts to halt the revolution, Marie Antoinette was beheaded, and the victorious monarchs were allowed to write the history books.

    The original version of this article appeared on Live Science.Benjamin is a science writer with almost a decade of experience who works as a freelancer in Sydney, Australia.His work has appeared in a variety of publications, including Live Science, Scientific American, Discover Magazine, the Associated Press, USA Today, Wired, Engadget, and Chemical & Engineering News.

    1. His undergraduate degree in biology was earned at the Imperial College in London.
    2. He went on to earn his master’s degree in science journalism at New York University, where he also earned an advanced certificate in science, health, and environmental reporting.


    Top Questions

    Why is Marie-Antoinette so famous?

    How did Marie-Antoinette come to power?

    What was Marie-Antoinette’s reign like?

    What was Marie-Antoinette’s family like?

    How did Marie-Antoinette die?

    1. Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von sterreich-Lothringen, originally German Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich-Lothringen von sterreich Her name is connected with the collapse in the moral authority of the French monarchy during the latter years of the ancien régime, despite the fact that her courtly extravagance was only a tiny contributor to the financial difficulties that beset the French state during that era.
    2. In the face of turmoil, she refused to change, and her strategy of court opposition to the rise of the French Revolution eventually resulted in the collapse of the monarchy in August 1792.

    Early life and role in the court of Louis XVI

    1. It might be said that Marie-Antoinette was a victim of circumstance in more ways than one.
    2. After the Seven Years’ War, she spent her early adulthood as a piece on the diplomatic chessboard of Europe, as France and Austria struggled to traverse the complicated web of allegiances that had come to characterize the continent in the aftermath of the conflict.
    3. She was only 14 years old when she was married to the dauphin Louis, grandson of France’s King Louis XV, on May 16, 1770, in the Holy Roman Empire.
    4. She was the 11th daughter of Holy Roman Emperor Francis I and his wife, Maria Theresa.

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